No more ‘army of one’ with Big Data accountability revolution | #MITIQ

091013-A-7540H-016At this week’s MIT CDOIQ Symposium, held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, you wouldn’t have been faulted for recognizing that two industries that have embraced the Big Data revolution are healthcare and the financial sector. The benefits of employing analytics models to these fields are more and more apparent. You might be surprised, however, to learn of one particular public sector player that is seeking an operational advantage via Big Data: the Department of Defense.

Mort Anvari, Director of Programs and Strategy within the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army’s Cost and Economics division, has overseen the creation and implementation of directives aimed at the cost culture and cost management of the US Army.

“Private industry is easier because everyone is cost conscious,” Anvari explains. “In government, particularly during a war, that mission is driving everything. Most of our officers are only concerned with how much money they need and how they spend it.” Anvari admits that his task of directing commanders to accede to a cost culture mindset was a pretty big deal. “We had to look at it from the people’s perspective. That includes convincing leadership that attention to cost doesn’t create a bad image for the country.” The main argument centered on the perception that being cost conscious could appear to be putting our servicemembers unnecessarily into greater harm’s way.

 

Surviving the Culture Clash

Anvari claims an early success with the education of commanders and other officers that paying special attention to cost and soldier safety were not mutually exclusive. “You can be cost conscious. You can do more with your resources. You can be more efficient with it and still care about safety and care about the soldiers.”

With projects budgeted above $10 million, an automatic cost/benefit analysis is enacted. Anvari oversees more than 2,000 Army analysts who perform and validate each of these. Knowing the process, commanders will typically consider an additional course of action to what they submit for review. “Talking to commanders and leadership, we ask ‘What is your information need?’,” he stated. “Based on that, we develop a data need for that organization.”

Similar to challenges faced in the private sector, one of the issues overcome by the Army was convincing certain organizations that possessed data to share that property with other organizations. “Communicating the data need from organization A to organization B, telling organization B you need to provide this data that is not for you, it’s for someone else,” Anvari said, “that was a big culture shock.”

However, in explaining the funding structure for the military like an upside down tree, Anvari was able to bring an understanding that all funding came from the top and spread out to all of the “branches” within the Army. “We call it fund centers. They have all the money. The cost centers are the ones using this money. It could be them or it could be others. It’s truly like a neural network of information.”

Unlike private sector companies, the Army realized they had to streamline their budgeting and allocation process due to the fact they are subjected to strict oversight by the Congress. As all of the funding is taxpayer monies, citizens are also privy to the budgeting process through the use of Freedom of Information Act requests.

As noted above, the cost-benefit analysis process is automatic on projects in excess of $10 million. However, Anvari notes that projects under that threshold, undertaken by commanders of smaller outfits, are pretty well self-monitored because those commanders want to show that they are capable of critically applying the new cost culture analysis in the hopes they will be promoted to heading up larger projects in the future.

“Accountability is hard to swallow,” says Anvari, with regard to the early push back from Army leadership, “no matter how normalized the process is.” Anvari’s work is seeing results, however. “Cost management is on its feet and working,” he concluded.

(Originally published at SiliconANGLE.com)

photo credit: The U.S. Army via photopin cc
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You may not need Big Data after all | #MITIQ

WarningThe business buzzword over the past two years has been “Big Data”. Companies are trying to figure our how they can leverage their collected data and translate it into a competitive advantage. However, according to the Director of MIT’s Sloan School Center for Information Systems Research, Jeanne Ross, this approach is not necessarily a one-size-fits-all for today’s organizations.

Ross, co-author of the article ‘You May Not Need Big Data After All’, cautions businesses against buying into the hype around Big Data.

“I think you grow into Big Data,” Ross notes. She explains that there are companies who find the competitive advantage works within their specific industries. As an example, she notes that the oil and gas industry has long employed Big Data for helping them to decide when and where they should place a billion dollar well. The success in one industry, however, doesn’t necessarily translate into success in others. “Many times we know great things about our customers. We just haven’t figured out a way to address them.”

When asked if the fear is misplaced that some companies feel in that they can’t address the Big Data they have, Ross states, “No, not misplaced at all. If you don’t think you can do it, you probably can’t.” For organizations recognizing the potential value of Big Data for the first time, this news could be disheartening.

“I don’t think most companies are data-driven,” explains Ross. “I think they are metric driven.”

This differentiation is important. Today’s companies can respond to certain kinds of data but in order to truly be a data-driven organization, they have to recognize which data is important. As an example, Ross cites Foxtel, a pay TV service based out of Australia.

“They saw what products were going out and what channels people wanted,” she states. Even with that information they were unable to make strategic decisions. “They went back and started looking at segments and realized what ‘data driven’ would be. They didn’t have the stomach to go back and do that.”

Where the CDO fits in

Discussing the emerging role of the CDO, Ross explained that too often there is a propensity to assume that once a CDO is brought into an organization all data issues will be addressed by that role and that little to no further attention is required. With Gartner projecting a 25 percent adoption of a CDO role in companies by next year, Ross claims most companies likely don’t need to create this position.

The key to running a successful organization is identifying and maintaining a single source of truth with respect to data. Many divisions within a company will manipulate data to show that they are running at a profit or contributing significantly to the organization’s bottom line. In the long run, this can be detrimental to the company because different data can show different outcomes.

Once companies adopt a single source of truth in their data, Ross believes it is of utmost importance that it is adopted in a top-down strategy. “We have to let people know mistakes have to be made. The faster you make mistakes, the more you can learn and the faster you can grow.” This strategy is ineffectual, however, if you start in the middle of the organization as people will be less willing to admit mistakes and failure if it hasn’t been adopted into the company’s cultural model.

The swiftly moving current of technology, especially over the previous five years, should be viewed critically by companies hoping to somehow gain a competitive advantage. Leveraging Big Data requires more than just a willingness to throw money at the problem. It requires a full understanding on the part of the company as a whole.

(Originally published at SiliconANGLE.com)

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Big Data is coming alive, sports leading the way | #SportsDataSV

origin_6942954396Big Data is coming alive in a very real way in Northern California. SiliconANGLE’s John Furrier and Wikibon’s Jeff Kelly sat down with top figures of the professional sports teams that call the Silicon Valley area home and discussed how their teams have embraced emerging technologies aimed at achieving successful front office operations, providing enhanced player and draft statistics on the field and improving the overall fan experience.

Tech-Targeting Future Fans

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The idea that Big Data will be used in that third avenue is going to be one of the drivers for future wider adoption by the Enterprise in other industries. The near seamless integration of the technology in stadiums aimed at the fan user will appear similar to the rapid and widespread acceptance and adoption of mobile technology over the past decade. Once the general public is able to get their heads around what is now an amorphous concept, via the sports arena, there will be an increased pressure demand for the technology in other industries aimed at the customer level. And that can only be achieved, as was voiced in most of the interviews, when the organization as a whole works top to bottom to use the new technology to both streamline and add depth to their entire organization.

KovalDuring the interview featuring Dave Koval, President of the MLS San Jose Earthquakes, the more interesting take away was the realization that though each interview dealt with a major league sport, there is no one-size fits all approach for overall implementation. Koval cited specific technology requirements based on their fan demographic. Speaking to the organizations philosophy on tech Koval said, “I see it as an enabler. It helps create a better experience. One-third of our fans are millenials who only interact via their mobile. If you don’t support that and their needs, they turn off.”

But perhaps the most interesting innovation on the fan front is how the Earthquakes have endeavored to communicate with current and potential fans. “We have a Business Information unit with data scientists taking all of the information they can from soccer fans and bringing them together around the Quakes,” Koval stated. “We even look at the [style of] language they use online and try to ascertain their personality to tailor our communications to them. It allows us to be able to market to them one-on-one.”

Focusing On The Fan Experience

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GarlandIf football is more your cup of tea, you’ll want to go to the SiliconANGLE channel on YouTube to watch the interview with Doug Garland, General Manager of Stadium Experience and Technology for the San Francisco 49ers. It appears they have taken a page from NASCAR with regard to improving overall fan engagement and their future initiatives are, no doubt, going to revolutionize the fan experience in a big way.

Garland provided an interesting equation during the conversation. Citing the 160-foot wide Mitsubishi HD installed at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas, he stated no such centerpiece would be going into the new Levi Field. The stadium, with a capacity of 70,000, is located in a region of the country where users replace mobile devices every year and a half at a price of $1,000. Rather than, as a team, spending $70 million on a large centerpiece screen, the 49ers opted to focus on putting together a network, including WiFi, that would utilize the screens nearly every fan is carrying with them.

Watch the interviews in their entirety here:

At the new Levi Stadium, the fan experience via mobile device will begin before driving onto the property. From directing the fan to the stadium and to an available parking area through real-time data to letting them know which bathroom has the shortest lines, the fan’s handheld device will be key to providing an improved experience.

“What else are we going to do? One of the other areas that we know is a big hassle for fans at the game is waiting in long lines at concession stands. If you go to a football game and you get hungry, you are trying to figure out which part of which quarter do I have to miss so I can go get that hot dog,” Garland explained. “That’s a trade-off we don’t want our fans to have to make. So what we are going to enable at Levi Stadium is the ability for any fan sitting in any section of the stadium to order food and beverage to their seat using their mobile device.”

But the football fan experience would be nothing without the beloved replays. The San Francisco 49ers has the “competition on the couch” firmly in its crosshairs with a value-add they are perfecting right now for the new stadium. Their new innovation will be replays streamed to each and every app-enabled mobile device in the stadium within 5-seconds after every play. As Garland notes, this will apply to every play, even plays with controversial calls and plays currently under review.

After Moneyball

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SchloughAn analysis of sport and Big Data that doesn’t bring the data-heavy sport of baseball into the mix would be an incomplete analysis. The importance of data on the game was highlighted by the 2011 film, Moneyball. When asked about the tension portrayed in the film between the old school scouts and the data geeks, Bill Schlough, Senior VP and CIO of the San Francisco Giants said, “I think that movie was closer to reality than a lot of people think. What’s interesting about old school scouts is that they rely on data as much as the new guys. They don’t always realize they are doing it though. They look at biomechanics.” He continued,”We are now quantifying what was once unquantifiable. That information was in the heads of the scouts. Now we have computational data models.”

While the 49ers and the Earthquakes are able to embrace and implement emerging technology from scratch with the new construction of stadiums, the Giants are in, although nationally recognized for its design and vistas, a 14 year old facility. Upgrading in an existing stadium presents its own challenges. Schlough, echoing a sentiment from every other guest of the evening, stated the importance of providing a robust wifi and 4G LTE environment for the fans. Implementation of wireless technology requires a lot of behind the scenes wiring and upgrades. However, if a fan can’t use a technology that is ubiquitous in their day-to-day lives at a sports facility then the overall fan experience is significantly diminished.

The Data Driven Front Office

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TortoraFocusing on Big Data in the front office, John Tortora, the COO of the San Jose Sharks discussed several key areas the operation is improved by the embrace of new technology. It should be noted the principal owner of the Sharks is Hasso Plattner, co-founder of SAP. So it should come as no surprise that the business operation and customer service software is SAP branded. They use the software products for tailored employee evaluation and more efficient inter-office collaboration.

Tortora also pointed out the NHL has recognized the importance of Big Data at their league offices and via their weekly and bi-weekly analytics reports, individual teams are able to evaluate their own ticket and box sales and compare their volume and price points to each and every other team in the league.

We are standing on the precipice of a bold new perspective on the conduct of business. With the recognition of value for their own organizations and for the individual fan, sport organizations like the NHL, MLB, NASCAR, NFL and MLS are gently bringing their fans in for a soft landing to effect a seamless understanding and acceptance of concepts that, for now, are still murky to many in the general public and even some in the business world. The excitement that is brimming just under the surface is poised to soon revolutionize almost every aspect of our daily lives and, for now, it appears sport is leading the way.

(Originally published at SiliconANGLE.com)

Making Medical Data Better Data

large_2956265250In just over a week, the team here at SiliconANGLE will be setting off for Cambridge, Massachusetts for the 7th Annual MIT Chief Data Officer and Information Quality Symposium held on the MIT campus. The theme this year is ‘Big Data Demands Good Data’. In preparation for the event, we will be presenting a synopsis of some of the important topics scheduled to be covered in conjunction with other academic and real-world applications that apply.

One of the first sessions, to be presented by Dr. David Levine, Vice President of Informatics/Medical Director of Comparative Data and Informatics for United Healthcare, will address the need for improving risk models based on predictive analytics.  According to the abstract of Dr. Levine’s presentation, he will discuss how the advent of and improvements in data collection can be utilized to drive improved performance in health administration and patient care.

Writing recently for FierceHealthIT, Dan Bowman discussed how a recent survey of hospital CIOs found big data in the medical field was severely lacking in its efficacy. Bowman cites a healthsystemCIO.comsurvey in which 76 percent of respondents claimed their vendors were too often over-promising and under-delivering with their big data solutions.

In the same survey, it was found a full 52 percent of respondents admitting to not using their big data applications at anything approaching any level of sophistication. This figure is supported by the fact two-thirds of those who took the survey claimed their organization had neither the manpower nor the skill to take advantage of analytical tools at a high level. Each of these factor into one CIO stating the big data market, as it pertains to healthcare, isn’t likely to reach maturity for at least a few more years.

The challenge, it appears, is for the healthcare field to better understand the mountains of data they collect and learn how to better pore over it to help in establishing better predictive models for patient care and hospital administration. According to Chris Belmont, CIO at New Orleans’ Ochsner Health System, “We have the data points. We just have to do a better job of getting our hands around the data and understanding it better.”

What is the real-world benefit of achieving an optimal understanding and usage of data in the medical field though? Jeff Kelly of Wikibon.org discussed the necessity of improving the collection and analysis of big data for those fields represented in the Industrial Internet in a posting entitled ‘The Industrial Internet and Big Data Analytics: Opportunities and Challenges’. Shockingly, he stated as much as 43 percent of an estimated $2.75 trillion in healthcare spending (for 2012 alone) was applied to unnecessary procedures and administrative waste. That abhorrent figure will be significantly reduced as the Industrial Internet is increasingly utilized by hospital CIOs to target administrative inefficiencies, eliminate waste and improve patient outcomes.

Dr. Levine’s presentation seems to aim at addressing the better utilization of data for improved patient outcomes. His work with United Healthcare, in tandem with their membership organizations, is striving to make predictive models more meaningful and actionable with the aim toward driving improved performance.

photo credit: Funky64 (www.lucarossato.com) via photopin cc

(Originally published at SiliconANGLE.com)